Aerospace Propulsion

Contact: Dr. Joon Ho Lee, Dr. Ki Sun Park

Aerospace propulsion is largely of two kinds: Aero propulsion sand space propulsion systems. Aero propulsion is mainly for aircraft vehicles such as manned aerial vehicle and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). Space includes rocket propulsion such as space launch vehicles and missiles for military, and electric propulsion like ion thruster for the vector control of satellites. Latest, their R&D activities are mainly focused on four requirements: 1) Capability: High Performance/Operability/Durability, 2) Affordability: Low Cost, 3) Safety: Reliability/Robustness, 4) Environmental Compatibility: Low NOx and low fuel consumption. Researchers at Khalifa University are introducing both aircraft propulsion systems such as turbojet and turbofan engines, and rocket propulsion systems like liquid rocket, solid rocket, and hybrid rocket engines.

Combustion Dynamics

Contact: Dr. Ashraf Alkhateeb

Combustion is a dominant power source around the globe, e.g. the United Arab Emirates generates 99% of its energy through combustion of hydrocarbon fuels. Enhancing the Emirate’s energy security to meet future demand via optimizing the Emirate’s oil and gas resources is one the principles of the Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030. There is a need to both improve the energy efficiency of our engines and reduce pollution from fuels. Such improvements critically depend on our ability to understand, predict, and accurately model detailed combustion events. In KU, we are focusing on obtaining a deeper understanding of the chemical dynamics inside engines. We believe that better predictions of reactive flows will help to increase the efficient use of fuels, reduce polluting byproducts, and assist in the development of alternative fuel sources. We are also focusing on the development of an accurate and rational algorithm to reduce the computational cost of simulating combustion processes.