OVERVIEW
OVERVIEW

Chemistry is the study of the structure, composition, properties and reactions of matter. For this reason, chemistry is often referred to as the “the central science” because it is central to the understanding the world we live in and also is a bridge between many other scientific disciplines such as physics, biology, geology and earth sciences.

Chemists continue make an enormous contribution to society, for example:  development of batteries for portable electronic devices; discovery of drugs and medicines for treating disease; polymers for drug delivery, medical implants and aerospace, flavors and preservatives used in food or water purification and many others. A world of opportunities awaits students who major in chemistry.

Khalifa’s BSc in Chemistry is designed to educate students to be able to design, develop, and investigate chemical processes at the fundamental level. The early stages of the 4-year program give you a broad introduction to all areas of chemistry including organic, inorganic, physical, analytical and computational chemistry. You will also study supporting subjects to ensure a broad education. You will spend time in the lecture room and in our well-equipped laboratories learning the practical and theoretical skills needed for modern chemistry.

In later years, you will study up-to-date, cutting-edge topics and specialize in a particular area. This includes an Internship and a research project conducted with one of the Faculty members. Three degree-tracks, designed to serve the country’s needs, are currently available:

  • The Environmental Chemistry track promotes sustainable development through environmental monitoring and assessment, green chemistry and renewable energies.
  • The Materials Chemistry track considers downstream petroleum-based industries such as polymers and plastics and also novel nanomaterials such as carbon and metal oxide materials.
  • The Forensic Chemistry track will support the analytical and investigative skills linked with industrial and medical applications as well as criminology in the police force and other investigative agencies.

The program allows you to understand the modern theories of chemical behaviour and how they are applied to a wide range of situations. You will also develop experimental skills for chemical synthesis and measurement and in experimental design. You will become expert in numeracy, scientific literacy, critical thinking and IT, so that, as a chemistry graduate, you will be well-prepared for a wide range of careers.

Graduates from chemistry programs are employed in a huge range of careers. They have the skills and knowledge needed for work in technical areas or scientific research and development in materials, polymer and petroleum products, pharmaceuticals, energy, forensics, food science and the environment as well as in government policy. They are also well-suited to broader roles in education and teaching, journalism and scientific publishing, administration, banking and finance. Many graduates go on to postgraduate (Masters) study or research (PhD) to follow industrial or academic research.

You can find out more about the types of career available to chemistry graduates by reading information from the Chemistry professional bodies, the  American Chemical Society or the Royal Society of Chemistry(UK).

Program Objectives
Student Outcomes

Students graduating with a BSc in Chemistry will have achieved the following set of knowledge-based, performance/skills-based, and affective competencies:

  1. Students will have specialized knowledge of the major sub-disciplines within chemistry, and will have the capacity to apply that knowledge in a professional context.
  2. Students will have a broad understanding of the sciences, mathematics and other disciplines relevant to chemistry and will be able to integrate that knowledge to solve problems.
  3. Students will be able to efficiently search for, retrieve and critically evaluate technical literature and data.
  4. Students will be able to design and implement laboratory / computational experiments, analyse the resulting data, and apply appropriate safety measures.
  5. Students will be able to use the scientific method, apply critical thinking and reason analytically to solve chemical problems and conduct research.
  6. Students will be able to communicate effectively in oral or written form, to a range of scientific and non-scientific audiences. Students will be able to work productively in multidisciplinary teams to solve problems, debate different points of view, and exercise self-reflection following professional norms.
  7. Students will demonstrate an understanding of the societal and economic importance of chemistry, and the significance of ethical and environmental concerns for acting responsibly among chemists.
STRUCTURE
Course Descriptions

CHEM CHEMISTRY

CHEM105

HEALTH AND SAFETY IN SCIENCE (1-0-1)

Prerequisite: None

This course introduces health and safety through science principles, ethics and practices, emergency response, understanding laboratory hazards, minimizing, controlling and managing hazards. Upon completion of this course students will be in a position to identify, evaluate and provide solutions to a wide range of hazards and risks to be found in science laboratory or industrial settings. This is a foundational course for all future science courses students will take.

CHEM106

CHEMICAL INFORMATION RESEARCH

SKILLS (2-2-3)

Prerequisite: None

The overall goal of this course is for the student to gain a familiarity with chemistry as a ‘language’ including its terminology, different chemical structure representations and different types of chemical information. Students will also develop the knowledge and skills to perform chemical information research using SciFinder Scholar, in order to make their study/research more efficient and gain an awareness of research in an era when the chemical literature is vast and constantly growing.

CHEM115

GENERAL CHEMISTRY I (3-2-1-4)

Prerequisite: None

This course presents a comprehensive study of the facts, concepts and laws of chemistry. It includes the study of the fundamental principles and laws of chemistry including stoichiometric relationships, aqueous chemistry, the ideal gas laws and kinetic molecular theory, thermochemistry, quantum theory and electronic structure, periodic properties, and chemical bonding and molecular structure. The course is accompanied by a laboratory component that emphasizes quantitative procedures.

CHEM116

GENERAL CHEMISTRY II (3-3-4)

Prerequisite: CHEM115

This is the second course in the General Chemistry series. Topical emphasis is placed on intermolecular forces, colligative properties of mixtures, chemical kinetics, acid-base equilibria, buffer systems, introductory acid-base titrations, solubility and complex equilibria, entropy and free energy. The importance of chemistry for both nuclear and environmental sciences is introduced.

CHEM200

QUANTITATIVE METHODS IN PHYSICAL SCIENCES (3-2-4)

Prerequisites: CHEM116; MATH111

This course will provide students with the mathematical tools needed throughout their chemistry degree. By the end of the course, students will be able to manipulate algebraic expressions, perform statistical analysis of experimental data, perform basic computational modelling experiments using the Spartan’16 code and be familiar with the use of Excel for performing regression analysis. Foundational concepts in computational chemistry will also be introduced.

CHEM211

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (3-3-4)

Prerequisites: MATH111; CHEM115

This course provides an introduction to naming, structure, bonding, reactivity, and properties of organic compounds such as alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, alkyl halides, aromatic compounds, alcohols, amines, and carbonyl compounds in the views of atomic and molecular orbital theories. These basic principles are applied to a variety of topics ranging from chemical reactions to biomolecules.

CHEM221

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I (3-3-4)

Prerequisites: CHEM106; CHEM116

This course provides an introduction to naming, structure, bonding, reactivity, spectroscopy, and properties of organic compounds such as alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, alkyl halides, aromatic compounds, and alcohols in relation to atomic and molecular orbital theories. These basic principles are applied to a variety of topics ranging from chemical reactions to structure determination of organic compounds.

CHEM222

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II (3-3-4)

Prerequisite: CHEM221

This course provides an introduction to the structure, conformation, stereochemistry, physical properties, spectroscopy and reactions of organic compounds, such as aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and derivatives, and amines. These basic principles are then applied to analysis of a variety biomolecules ranging from carbohydrates, lipids, proteins to nucleic acids in terms of structure, function, and characterization.

CHEM231

PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I (3-2-1-4)

Prerequisites: PHYS121; CHEM200

The properties of gas phase reactions will be derived starting from basic assumptions and equations of state using the kinetic theory of gases. The First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics are introduced. Phase diagrams will be introduced in the context of gas-liquid equilibria. The fundamental postulates of quantum mechanics will be used to explain the observed atomic spectra of elements and diatomic molecules. Finally, vibrational and rotational spectroscopies are introduced using quantum models.

CHEM241

INTRODUCTION TO ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (3-3-4)

Prerequisite: CHEM200

This course expands the fundamental aspects of aqueous chemical equilibria and electrochemistry learned in general chemistry, to introduce the basic principles and tools of quantitative chemical analysis in the context of precipitation, acid-base, complex-formation and redox reactions. Introduction to analytical chemistry is developed from the perspective of gravimetric, volumetric and electrochemical titrations, and use of statistical data treatment methods to assess and interpret experimental results. Application of these introductory analytical chemistry tools is demonstrated in context with a selection of example real samples.

CHEM311

BIOCHEMISTRY (3-3-4)

Prerequisite: CHEM 211 (for non-CHEM majors); CHEM 221 (for CHEM majors)

The overall goal of this course is for the student to gain a basic working knowledge of biochemical concepts and techniques which will be necessary for future scientific endeavors. Emphasis will be placed on providing a coherent description of the major biochemical concepts and techniques alongside a theoretical and chemistry based understanding of factors affecting the structure and function of important classes of biomolecules and biomacromolecules – from proteins, enzymes and DNA to lipids and carbohydrates. Theoretical concepts will be reinforced by laboratory activities, which will also seek to emphasize links between basic principles from organic, physical and analytical chemistry, and biochemical and biological phenomena

CHEM330

INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY (4-0-4)

Prerequisite: CHEM231

This introductory course in computational chemistry will introduce the principles of computational chemistry and computer based molecular design. The content includes discussions of molecular mechanics, quantum mechanics, Hartree-Fock theory, semi-empirical methods, density functional theory (DFT), basis sets, geometry optimization and transition state searches, conformational analysis, and prediction of molecular and spectroscopic properties. Students will learn the basic theory and algorithms underlying computational chemistry methods, and they will also learn the advantages and disadvantages of these methods and how to use them to solve problems of interest, e.g. involving macromolecules and supramolecules, in chemistry and molecular sciences. Students also will become familiar with several software packages listed under the Computer Resources.

CHEM332

PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY II (3-2-1-4)

Prerequisite: CHEM231

This course builds on the foundations of gas kinetics and thermodynamics introduced in Physical Chemistry I. The mathematical framework for rate laws will be extended to complex reaction mechanisms involving chain reactions and applications will be emphasized in polymerization processes and gas phase reactions in the upper atmosphere. Statistical mechanics will be used as a bridge between the microscopic properties of matter and their bulk properties. The spontaneity of chemical and physical processes will be explained by introducing the Second Law of Thermodynamics and the Gibbs and Helmholtz energies will be used to probe the maximum work that can be achieved by a chemical process. The chemistry of surfaces will be discussed regarding how atoms are deposited and grown on surfaces. Experimental methods for probing the composition and structure of surfaces will also be described. Finally, several case studies of how surface chemistry is applied to catalysis will be discussed.

CHEM342

SPECTROSCOPIC AND SEPARATION METHODS IN ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (3-3-4)

Prerequisites: CHEM221; CHEM231; CHEM241 Co-requisite: CHEM351

This course is designed to provide a fundamental understanding of the core spectroscopic and separation techniques and methods used in chemical analysis. It spans atomic and molecular spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, gas chromatography, liquid chromatography in addition to liquid-liquid and liquid-solid phase extraction. Emphasis is placed on concepts, operational mechanisms, instrumentation, experimental procedures and practices for accurate qualitative and quantitative measurements, in addition to methodologies for data presentation, interpretation and analysis.

CHEM343

ADVANCED INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES IN CHEMISTRY (3-3-4)

Prerequisites: CHEM342; CHEM351

This course provides a broad spectrum of advanced physical and chemical characterization techniques that can be applied to bulk or surface analysis of material properties such as, (i) microscopy, (ii) porosimetry, (iii) atomic and molecular spectroscopy, in addition to (iv) thermal energy based approaches. Content introduces the basic principles of each technique, including instrumentation, operation mechanism, resolution and depth of field, artefacts, interferences, detection limit, in addition to guidance on specimen preparation for a range of applications.

CHEM351

MAIN GROUP COMPOUNDS: STRUCTURE, REACTIVITY AND CHARACTERIZATION (3-1-4)

Prerequisites: CHEM106; CHEM116

This course introduces and reviews foundational concepts in inorganic chemistry; for example, solid structures, advanced acidity and basicity, redox chemistry and its representations, and symmetry This course describes the properties, compounds and chemistry of the main-group elements, with an emphasis on rationalizing trends and behaviors based on these foundational concepts, and introduces techniques to characterize and quantify inorganic species.

CHEM352

ADVANCED INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (3-3-4)

Prerequisite: CHEM351

This course describes the properties, compounds and chemistry of the d- and f-block elements, including organometallics, thus providing students with an ability to rationalize trends and behaviors based on foundational concepts such as advanced understanding of electronic structure and coordination chemistry. It introduces students to the applications and boundaries of inorganic chemistry, including materials and nanomaterials, catalysis, and bioinorganic chemistry, with case studies such as inorganic chemistry in medicine, hydrogen-storage for energy applications and industrial catalysis. The course further develops advanced laboratory synthesis and characterization techniques in inorganic chemistry.

CHEM360

MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOCORROSION FOR ENGINEERS

Prerequisite: CHEM115, 60 credits or Junior Standing

This course focuses on two primary areas of study; microbiology and biocorrosion. The microbiology unit is designed to impart an understanding of the biological and chemical interactions of microbes and their impact on the oil and gas industry. The biocorrosion unit gives the students an in depth understanding of how microbes, initiate, facilitate and/or accelerate corrosion of various metals both in aqueous and non-aqueous environments. This knowledge will enable students to apply new methods and technologies in their engineering fields.

CHEM391

INDEPENDENT STUDY I (VARIABLE COURSE CREDITS FROM 1 TO 3)

Prerequisite: Junior Standing and approval of the department

This course gives an upper level undergraduate student the opportunity to participate in an individual or group project, study, or research activity under the supervision of a faculty member. A formal report is required.

CHEM399

INTERNSHIP (0-0-1)

Prerequisite: Minimum of 70 credits earned by end of the preceding Fall semester, including at least 24 credits in core major courses

Students are required to spend a minimum of 8 continuous weeks* on an approved internship program. The internship provides students with practical, on-the-job experience which allows them to integrate theory with “real world” situations. It is academically supervised by a faculty member and professionally supervised by the company’s designated internship supervisor who provides feedback to the university about the student’s progress. The student must keep a detailed log book and prepare a formal report that documents the work undertaken during the internship period, and both of these must be submitted to the Department within the first two weeks of the semester following the internship. The report and the complete course activities are graded on Pass/ Fail basis by the supervising faculty member, with input from the internship supervisor.

CHEM461

ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY (3-3-4)

Prerequisites: CHEM222; CHEM241; Senior Standing

This course lays the foundations for environmental chemistry sciences and provides a breadth of understanding of fundamental concepts and technical definitions associated with the field. It introduces the physical, chemical and biotic aspects of the natural environment, and particularly underpins the processes occurring within and among the lithosphere (soil), the hydrosphere (water), and the atmosphere (air). The course also surveys the main sources of air pollution that cause ozone depletion and consequential global warming due to photochemical smog process and greenhouse effect. Global climate change is further overviewed from the perspective of worldwide energy consumption from non-sustainable fossil fuels, trends in carbon dioxide emissions and alternative “green” approaches involving renewable technologies.

CHEM462

POLLUTION SCIENCE AND CONTROL – MANAGEMENT, TECHNOLOGY AND REGULATIONS (4-0-4)

 Prerequisite: CHEM461

This course is designed to provide the fundamental knowledge widely applied in environmental assessment, protection and management. It lays the foundations of environmental pollution science by underpinning the sources, movements, reactions and fates of contaminants found in air, water and soil. Facets critical to pollution analysis and management are presented and elaborated to give a holistic picture on risk assessment, regulations, monitoring and mitigation technologies for waste management and water treatment.

CHEM463

METHODS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TRACE ANALYSIS (3-3-4)

Prerequisites: CHEM342; CHEM461

This course is essential for chemistry majors wishing to pursue further studies or professional career in environmental monitoring, at quality control industries or regulator settings. The course introduces the students to a spectrum of analytical methodologies that can applied towards the identification or determination of natural and anthropogenic species occurring in traces within the atmosphere, waters, soils and wastes, and their control by regulations and standards.

Two generic trace analysis workflows are presented and distinguished according to “organic” or “inorganic” nature of the target species. The course particularly builds on separation and spectroscopic knowledge acquired through analytical chemistry courses to develop an understanding of the methodologies to be applied for studying environmental samples. Emphasis is placed on appropriating the sampling methods, sample handling and pre-treatment procedures to (i) matrix type (e.g., solid, liquid, and gas), (ii) sample abundance, (iii) stability of target species, (iv) interferences, and to making important considerations with regard to sample hazardousness and exposure risks. Selection of the most appropriate analytical characterization tool will be surveyed based on selectivity, sensitivity, detection limit, quantitation limit, and overall economic suitability.

CHEM471

FUNDAMENTALS OF FORENSIC SCIENCE (4-0-4)

Prerequisite: CHEM311

This course outlines concepts related to the application of scientific knowledge and methodologies to civil and criminal investigations within the justice system. It provides an introduction to forensic science within the context of applied chemistry and branching disciplines encompassing forensic toxicology, biology and statistics. The course follows the forensic process from crime scene to court.

CHEM472

FORENSIC CHEMISTRY AND EVIDENCE ANALYSIS (3-3-4)

Prerequisite: CHEM471

The course introduces students to the application of modern analytical chemistry tools and procedures to support forensic investigations. Topics include ignitable liquids, explosives, controlled substances, polymer films, fibers, soils, glass, paints, fingerprints and gunshot residues.

CHEM481

MATERIALS CHEMISTRY (4-0-4)

Prerequisite: CHEM352

This course outlines concepts related to the basic concepts of material chemistry and solid-state chemistry. It covers topics related to the development, characteristics and uses of advanced materials. It provides an introduction to the chemistry of the preparation, processing, characterization of various types of materials such as ceramics, glasses metals, alloys, composites, semiconductors, thin films, crystalline and amorphous solids, membranes and porous materials, and surface science of materials and biomaterials.

CHEM482

NANOCHEMISTRY (3-3-4)

Prerequisites: CHEM 481

This course provides students with an introductory perspective on different nanomaterials, their properties and applications in various emerging fields. Emphasis will be allocated to the design, synthesis, characterization and functionalization of nanomaterials for practical applications. A variety of topics covering applications of nanomaterials in drug delivery, molecular imaging, nanomedicine, biosensors, nanoenergy, catalysis and environmental fields will be surveyed.

CHEM483

POLYMER CHEMISTRY (4-0-4)

Prerequisites: CHEM 481

This course provides an introduction to polymer chemistry with an emphasis on synthesis, structure, and characterization of polymeric materials, the reaction mechanisms of various polymerization techniques, and the mechanical and rheological properties of polymers. A brief survey of processing methods and modern applications of polymeric materials are covered.

CHEM491

INDEPENDENT STUDY II (VARIABLE COURSE CREDITS FROM 1 TO 3)

Prerequisite: Senior Standing and approval of the department

This course gives an upper level undergraduate student the opportunity to participate in an individual or group project, study, or research activity under the supervision of a faculty member. A formal report is required.

CHEM495

SPECIAL TOPICS IN CHEMISTRY (3-0-3)

Prerequisite: Topic specific

This course mainly deals with new trends in Chemistry and related sciences. The course is repeatable if title and content differ.

CHEM497

SENIOR THESIS I (1-6-3)

CHEM498

SENIOR THESIS II (1-6-3)

 Prerequisite: Senior Standing or departmental approval

Over the course of two semesters, students work closely with a faculty member to address a significant and complex question at the boundary of knowledge in chemistry. Students may work individually or in small teams subject to departmental approval. The project will require students to apply a broad range of theoretical and practical research techniques to the question and to exercise advanced critical thinking and evaluation as the project progresses, leading to new insights.

TYPICAL STUDY SEQUENCE