Obtaining a better understanding of the reservoir fundamental parameters and the important factors that influence secondary recovery is the first part of this course. With a clear focus on developing the reservoir aiming at maximizing oil recovery and minimizing operating cost, water flooding, as a prime secondary recovery method, is examined thoroughly. Selecting specific criteria for implementing water flooding at different for different reservoirs and subsurface conditions will be presented. Key elements required for calculating recovery factor, mobilization, displacement & sweep efficiencies, fractional flow analysis, and heterogeneity & gravity segregation interaction and their influence on displacement/recovery are fully covered.

This course provides a profound knowledge of water flooding technology with emphasis on applications in both green and brown oil fields. This course goes beyond fundamentals and principles to reach out to very serious issues concerning increasing recovery from oil fields with minimum operating cost. Design, application, and challenges will be entertained during the course. Case studies will be used as a venue for the latest technology applications in different regions of the globe.

Course Objectives

Understand the fundamentals of waterflooding as the most attractive EOR methods.

Understand the design and applications of waterflooding technology.

Understand the procedure of optimization of waterflooding via chemically modification.

Understand the waterflooding remaining challenges.

Learning Objectives

After completing this course, participants will be able to:

Understand the fundamentals, applications, impact, challenges, and limitations of waterflooding technology

Understand and utilize the frontal advance theory and the Buckley-Leverett method

Assess, maintain, and integrate the required data to design a successful waterflooding project

Understand the influence of CCA, SCAL and other reservoir characterization aspects on waterflooding and make decisions on their usage

Optimize chemically modified waterflooding projects

Who Should Attend

Specialists in reservoir engineering, secondary recovery, EOR, and IOR


Day 1

Introduction to Multiphase Flow in Petroleum Reservoirs


Surface/Interfacial Tension

Day 2

Relative Permeability

CCA/SCA Versus Reservoir Characterization

Validation of CCA/SCA Data

Day 3

Residual Oil Saturation (ROS) Issue

Capillary Number

Saturation Functions

Fractional Flow

Optimization of Waterflooding by ASP

Day 4

Waterflooding Applications


Day 5

Chemical Modified Waterflooding Envelop