Having access to safe drinking water is one of the essential requirements for sustaining human life. Unfortunately, more than one-sixth of the world population still lack access to safe drinking water. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 1.5 million deaths occurred in children under five years of age due to consumption of unclean drinking water. The production of adequate and safe drinking water is extremely important to decrease the mortality and morbidity.
Currently, the available technologies offered in low income countries who suffer lack of clean drinking water rely on membrane filtration-based systems. However, these technologies require extensive initial cost, are difficult to operate by local people, and require intensive operational cost. Therefore, the development of low-cost treatment systems is of utmost importance. The aim of this study is to create stand-alone, low-cost desalination devices utilizing solar energy to meet WHO drinking water standards. This study will examine the feasibility of solar energy utilized tube collector for drinking water production to remove organics, turbidity, bacteria and inorganics from source water to meet WHO standards.