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Oil & Gas Flow Measurement & Control

Oil & Gas Flow Measurement & Control

Course Description

In oil and gas fields real-time and accurate measurement and control of the oil-gas flows is essential for a proper asset management. Various flow metering technologies are available for either single phase or multiphase flows measurement. This includes nuclear x-ray, ultrasonic, orifice, Venturi, Turbine, Coriolis, magnetic, vortex, cross-correlation, Coriolis, and NIR-based meters. Recently Magnetic Resonance (MR)-based technologies started to emerge as a new promising technique for multiphase flow metering. The aim of the course is to address the technical details and concept of each of these meters and their application in upstream and downstream segments of the oil and gas pipelines (by addressing several industrial case studies). The course will also cover various control algorithms used for flow control, together with the associated hardware which includes the control valves, PLCs, and P&ID diagrams.

Learning Outcomes: 

  • Understand the concept, application, and practical considerations of various single and multiphase flow meters used in oil and gas industry
  • Understand various control algorithms for flow control and the associated hardware
  • Understand the main differences between sensor, transducer, and transmitter. 
  • Be familiar with the theory used for different flow meters and deduce the measurement limitations of the meters in oil and gas industry
  • Be familiar with the emerging technologies used for flow measurements 
  • Be acquainted with the international standards used in flow metering (e.g. 4-20 mA, RS485, Hart and field bus protocols)
  • Understand what are the features and standards which should be associated to a flow meter for a given classified zone (e.g. Zone 0, Zone 1, and Zone 2)

Course Outline:

Day 1: 

  • Course Introduction & Pre-course assessment
  • Applications of flow measurement and control in oil and gas industry
  • Static & dynamic characteristics of flow meters
  • Flow-related parameters and measurement terminologies in flow metering
  • Flow regimes & equations of conservation of energy in fluid mechanic 
  • Measurement system architecture & P&ID diagrams for flow measurement & control
  • Zones classification in oil & gas fields and required specs of the electronic instruments
  • International input/output signals standards for the flow meters 
  • Revision and Exercises’ solving session

Day-2:  

  • Pitot tube flow meter: Theory, electronics, applications, and practical considerations
  • Differential pressure-based flow meters (Venturi and orifice plate flow meters): Theory, electronics, applications and practical considerations
  • Coriolis flow meters: Theory, electronics, applications and practical considerations
  • Challenges and solutions of differential pressure and Coriolis flow meters for multiphase flows 
  • Maintenance techniques of the differential pressure-based and Coriolis flow meters
  • Magnetic flow meter: Theory, electronics, applications, and practical considerations
  • Challenges and solutions of magnetic flow meters for multiphase flows 
  • Maintenance techniques of the magnetic flow meters
  • Revision and Exercises’ solving session

Day-3:  

  • Turbine flow meter: Theory, electronics, applications, and practical considerations
  • Challenges and solutions of the turbine flow meters for multiphase flows 
  • Maintenance techniques of the turbine flow meters
  • Ultrasonic & correlation flow meter: Theory, electronics, applications, and practical considerations
  • Challenges and solutions of ultrasonic and correlation flow meters for multiphase flows 
  • Maintenance techniques of the ultrasonic and correlation flow meters
  • Vortex flow meter: Theory, electronics, applications, and practical considerations
  • Challenges and solutions of vortex flow meters for multiphase flows 
  • Maintenance techniques of the vortex flow meters
  • Revision and Exercises’ solving session

Day-4: 

  • Principal of measurements for multiphase flow meters
  • Commercially-available multiphase flow meters: Concept, electronics, applications, and practical considerations
  • Emerging technologies for multiphase flow metering (NMR and MRI technologies)
  • Control algorithms for flow measurements: PID and ON-OFF control algorithms
  • Control valves & PLCs: Principal of operations and practical considerations
  • Case studies of P&ID diagrams involving control valves and flow meters  
  • Course conclusion & Post-course assessment

Targeted Audience:

Resources:

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